Table 1.

Impact of open offices on interaction at OpenCo1. Models are OLS with person fixed effects and with standard errors clustered by individual in parentheses. Coefficients represent minutes of face-to-face (F2F) interaction, number of email messages or IM messages, or number of words in IM between a member of the study and all others at work during the period of the study. *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

type of interactionpostconstantobs.
volume:
F2F interaction
minutes of F2F interaction time (indicated by proximity of individuals combined with spoken words by at least one party)
−3774*
(1607)
5266***
(1136)
104
email interaction (sent)
total number of emails sent by participants to other participants
66***
(19)
118***
(13)
104
email interaction (received: To)
total number of emails received by participants from other participants, where the recipient appeared in the ‘To:’ field
78***
(21)
394***
(15)
104
email interaction (received: cc)
total number of emails received by participants from other participants, where the recipient appeared in the ‘Cc:’ field
27***
(8)
66***
(6)
104
email interaction (received: bcc)
total number of emails received by participants from other participants, where the recipient appeared in the ‘Bcc:’ field
−1
(1)
6***
(1)
104
IM interaction (number of messages)
total number of instant messages sent by participants to other participants
99**
(30)
147***
(21)
104
IM interaction (cumulative word count of messages)
total number of words sent in instant messages by participants to other participants
850***
(218)
1140***
(154)
104