genotype—Wright | both | metric | novelty |

genotype—NK | both | metric | novelty |

protein | both | metric | novelty |

developmental | both | variable | novelty |

Wagner-reg | space | Euclidean | novelty |

Wagner-met | space | Euclidean | novelty |

adaptive (Simpsonian) | landscape | variable | variable |

morphospaces |

landmark | space | locally Euclidean grading to pre-topology with increasing morphologic scope | variable |

no landmarks | space | topology to pre-topology | variable |

skeletal design | space | set | novelty |

phenotypic trait | variable | variable | innovation |

functional | variable | variable | innovation |

ecospace | space | set | innovation |