TableĀ 1.

Glossary of relevant musical terms.

beatthe underlying pulse, or unit of time, in music
entrainmentthe ability to perceive a beat in music and align bodily movement with it
melodya sequence of tones defined by its pitch patterning and rhythm
meterthe recurring pattern of stressed and unstressed beats in music
musicalitythe capacity that underlies the human ability to perceive, appreciate, and produce music
pitcha perceptual attribute related to the fundamental frequency that enables comparisons of sounds as higher or lower
prosodyrhythm, loudness, pitch, and tempo of speech
rhythma non-random repetitive temporal auditory pattern
timbrethe quality of musical sound that distinguishes different sound sources such as voices and specific musical instruments
vocal learninglong-term modification of vocal production by imitation