TableĀ 1.

Some key questions for a future research agenda on musicality.

(1) What is the most promising means of carving musicality into component skills?
(2) What kinds of natural behaviour in other species might be related to musicality?
(3) How can we more clearly differentiate biological and cultural contributions to musicality?
(4) What is the neuronal circuitry associated with different aspects of musicality?
(5) How do the relevant genes contribute to building a musical brain (i.e. using functional studies to bridge the gap between genes, neurons, circuits and behaviour)?
(6) Can we use such genes to trace the evolutionary history of our musical capacities in human ancestors and to study parallels in non-human animals?
(7) Can non-human animals detect higher order patterns in sounds (e.g. auditory grouping), as humans do?
(8) Is entrainment or beat induction restricted to species capable of vocal learning?
(9) Can non-human animals generalize across timbres?
(10) Do absolute and relative processing of pitch, duration and timbre depend on context, stimuli or species?
(11) How can we study the evolution of musicality relative to language?