Table 1.

Site information for samples used in this analysis.

sitendateslocation
Old World
 Arena Candida13000–4000 BCItaly
 Arma dell Aquila13850 ± 90 BCItaly
 St Mary Spital16AD 1200–1539England
 Ryukyu (Okinawa)1AD 1600–1800Japan
 Russian Academy of Science1Early MedievalRussia
New World (South America)
 Moquegua (Chen Chen)10AD 500–700Moquegua, Peru
 Las Delicias y Candeleria1AD 770–990Colombia
 Lambayeque2AD 900–1750Peru
 Moquegua (Estuquina)14AD 1000–1476Moquegua, Peru
 Yaral2AD 900–1200Osmore Valley, Peru
 Chiribaya Alta4AD 772–1350Ilo, Peru
 Algodonal1AD 1031–1179Ilo, Peru
 Santa Cruz1AD 1200Patagonia, Argentina
 Punta Arenas, Sitio Myren-11AD 1310±20Argentina
 Purucucho3AD 1470–1540Peru
 Misión Salesiana15AD 1870–1930Tierra del Fuego
New World (North America)
 Yokem1AD 1039–1401Illinois, USA
 Schild1AD 1040–1407Illinois, USA
 Norris Farms5AD 1100–1250Illinois, USA
 Orendorf2AD 1150–1300Illinois, USA
 Uxbridge19AD 1410–1570Ontario, Canada
 Arikara, Mobridge2AD 1500–1750South Dakota, USA
 Arikara, Sully School Village7AD 1550–1700South Dakota, USA
 Arikara, Leavenworth1AD 1725–1775South Dakota, USA
 Arikara, Leavitt1AD 1725–1775South Dakota, USA
 Arikara, Cheyenne River6AD 1750–1775South Dakota, USA
 Chirikov2AD 1750–1899Alaska, USA
 San Cristobal2AD 1450–1680 (contact AD 1598)New Mexico, USA
 Highland Park4AD 1847–1850New York, USA