Table 1.

Nuchal area height index in hominoids. Negative value indicates nuchal area height is below Frankfurt Horizontal. Comparative data from Kimbel et al. (2004).

taxon/specimennuchal area height index (%)
Australopithecus afarensis
 A.L. 444-213
 A.L. 333-45 (recon.)12
 A.L. 822-123
Australopithecus africanus
 Sts. 510
Australopithecus boisei
 OH 511
 KNM-ER 4067
 KNM-ER 13 750−3
 KNM-ER 73212
Australopithecus aethiopicus
 KNM-WT 17 00014
Homo sapiens (n = 10)−2
Pan troglodytes male (n = 10)51
Pan troglodytes female (n = 10)47
Gorilla gorilla male (n = 10)108
Gorilla gorilla female (n = 10)67