Issue compiled and edited by Catherine L. Parr and Caroline E.R. Lehmann
Tropical savannas and grasslands cover 20% of the Earth’s land surface and are changing at astonishing rates through a combination of land use change, climate change, and changing patterns of fire and the loss of herbivores, such as elephant and rhino, that maintain these as healthy ecosystems. Human reliance on savannas and grasslands is increasing, and these landscapes support over 1 billion people, many of whom live in the world’s poorest nations.
This theme issue includes the latest research examining the identification, ecology, drivers of change, and human use of tropical savannas and grasslands. The issue highlights the urgent need to improve understanding of these regions in order to understand how tropical savannas and grasslands will change during the Anthropocene while supporting the dual goals of conserving biodiversity and ecosystem health and human livelihoods.
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