## Abstract

A numerical interpolation scheme based upon the lateral diffusive and advective transport of ocean surface waters has been developed to interpolate measurements made in irregular time and space over the oceans. This has been applied to about 2700 surface ocean pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> measurements observed during the period 1972-1992 in the North Atlantic to give the distribution of sea-air pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> difference (<latex>$\Delta $</latex>pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex>) over the Atlantic. Although the atmospheric CO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> concentration has increased by about 28 ppm over this period, the pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> values in the surface waters of subarctic regions have increased little because they are dictated primarily by the properties of underlying deep waters through vertical mixing. Accordingly, <latex>$\Delta $</latex>pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> values measured north of 50 degrees N have been corrected to the year 1990 using the secular increase of atmospheric CO<latex>$_{2}$</latex>. Because the surface water pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> value in temperate waters tracks the secular increase in atmospheric CO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> with a time lag of about two years, no correction was applied to the warm water <latex>$\Delta $</latex>pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> data. It has been assumed that seasonal variations are the same for each year. The net CO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> flux across the sea surface has been computed over a 4 degrees latitude <latex>$\times $</latex> 5 degrees longitude grid using the mean monthly <latex>$\Delta $</latex>pCO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> values and the gas transfer coefficients estimated using the mean monthly wind speed. It has been found that the areas of the high latitude North Atlantic and the adjacent seas north of 42 degrees N are net CO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> sinks of 0.2 to 0.5 Gt C a<latex>$^{-1}$</latex>. The total sink flux of CO<latex>$_{2}$</latex> over the temperate North Atlantic areas between 18 degrees N and 42 degrees N is balanced approximately by the source flux over the tropical Atlantic between 18 degrees N and 18 degrees S.

## Royal Society Login

Sign in for Fellows of the Royal Society

Fellows: please access the online journals via the Fellows’ Room

Not a subscriber? Request a free trial

### Log in using your username and password

### Log in through your institution

Pay Per Article - You may access this article or this issue (from the computer you are currently using) for 30 days.

Regain Access - You can regain access to a recent Pay per Article or Pay per Issue purchase if your access period has not yet expired.