Shorelines of both eustatic and isostatic type record sea-level changes over the last hundred thousand years. Marine cut rock platforms at roughly 25-40 m, 6-13 m, and just below mean sea level, appear to represent successive interglacials. Since the culmination of the Last Glaciation, the steady rise of sea level from below - 100 m has been punctuated by rapid eustatic surges, notably at 16 000-15 000, 13 000-12 000, shortly after 10 000, and round about 9000 a B.P. Retardation of crustal recovery due to ice-loading about 15000-14000 a B.P. in Scotland parallels that which occurred in Scandinavia about 11 000-10 000 a B.P. In each case a localized transgression of considerable magnitude took place. The ensuing deglaciation resulted in the very rapid phases of uplift that led to the low marine levels recorded at ca. 10 500 in Scotland, and ca. 8000 a B.P. in Scandinavia.