The stratigraphy and palaeobotany of fresh-water interglacial deposits at Bobbitshole, Ipswich, Suffolk, have been investigated. The interglacial deposits are shown to occupy a lake basin in a valley cut in the local plateau, which is partly formed by a chalky boulder clay assigned to the Gipping ice advance. In this basin was deposited a series of lacustrine sediments, first silt (probably of aeolian origin), then clay-mud and finally clay. These interglacial sediments are sealed unconformably by sandy gravel, probably deposited under cold conditions. Pollen diagrams and macroscopic plant remains from the interglacial deposits are described. They give evidence of the vegetational and climatic history during the first half of an interglacial period. The succession of pollen zones found is similar to that described from the Eemian (Last) Interglacial in north-west Europe, with which the interglacial is correlated. The Eemian pollen zones b, c, d, e and f, which show the succession from birch- to pine- to oak-dominated forest, are all present. An analysis of the very abundant macroscopic plant remains, together with the pollen results, suggests a rapid amelioration of the climate at the beginning of the interglacial period, and in zone f, the final zone represented, there are indications of a summer warmth exceeding that of the present day in the area. The interglacial flora is particularly rich in aquatic plants, and an analysis of the abundance of each species indicates a vegetational succession, as the lake filled with sediment, from open-water to reed-swamp to marsh vegetation. The palaeobotany of the deposits is briefly compared with that of other interglacial deposits in Britain and on the continent. The correlation of the interglacial deposits with the continental Eemian (Last) Interglacial provides confirmation of the correlation of the Gipping ice advance with the Saale Glaciation of northern Germany, and indicates that the covering gravels are of Last Glaciation age. The interglacial deposits are partly below sea-level, and close to the tidal Orwell estuary. The significance of this for local relative land- and sea-level changes in and after the interglacial is discussed.